The archeological ruins of the Fondo Cal at Aquileia. Photo by © Gianluca Baronchelli
Outside the ancient city’s oldest set of walls, from the Republican period, and immediately to the west of its main street, now retraced by the modern road (the SR 352), lay one of Aquileia’s residential district. The two inhabited centres belonged to the CAL zone (Cooperativa Aquileiese Lavoratori, the Aquileian workers’ cooperative) and the Beneficio Rizzi zone; both were acquired by the State in the 1950s. The remains are of several dwellings from different eras of Aquileian history, a sign that the houses were modified, restructured and knocked together many times down the years (from the 1st to the 5th centuries ad).